Ojibwe chiefs in Ontario and Manitoba agreed to the Robinson and other pre-Confederation treaties as well as the post-Confederation numbered treaties , which granted colonial governments vast tracts of land in exchange for reserves , payments, and hunting and fishing rights. Ojibway birchbark house: There were two types of dwellings used by the Chippewas. Chippewa family c. 1821 The Ojibwe live in groups (otherwise known as "bands"). Today, they live in small communities along the Minnesota and Mississippi river valleys and in South Dakota. Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains. The Ojibwe arrived at Madeline Island (northern Wisconsin) on Lake Superior in approximately 1395 AD. Before the French and British came here in the 1600s and 1700s, Michigan was home to several tribes. When a baby was born, that child became a member of its mother's clan. Clans: Family was very important to the Ojibwa. Most Ojibwe did not sign treaties with the government until after 1850. The Seven Fires prophecy of the Ojibwe explains the reasons for the Ojibwe migration to the Minnesota region, and the Ojibwe people's historical interaction with non-Native people. The Cherokee lived in the Appalachian Mountain region. Except for the Plains Ojibwa, who rode horses, they traveled on land by foot and wore snowshoes during the winter, transporting goods on dog sleds. Their histories date far back to days before anything was recorded, so the long past events come only in the traditional passing down … Culture. The Iroquois lived in the northern part of the eastern woodland area and consisted of many tribes including the Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga and Seneca tribes. But the Ojibwa did not call each other by their names. The most common explanation of the name "Ojibwa" relates it to a root meaning "puckered up," a reference to a distinct style of moccasin. Families were called clans. The Ojibwa lived a seminomadic life, moving a number of times each year in order to be close to food sources. The Ojibwe people have a long history within the Midwest, and were here long before whites started pouring in looking for furs in the 1600s. People have lived in Michigan for longer than anyone can remember. Woodland Ojibwa (Chippewa) Indians How did they live? No Names: People were named after things in nature. They built longhouses to live in and multiple families lived in each home. Sometimes, tribal names cause confusion. Michigan’s three largest tribes are the Ojibwe (also called Chippewa), the Odawa (also called Ottowa) and … Most Ojibwe, except for the Great Plains bands, lived a sedentary lifestyle, engaging in fishing and hunting to supplement the women's cultivation of numerous varieties of maize and squash, and the harvesting of manoomin (wild rice). The traditional dwellings of the Ojibwe were wigwams, either cone shaped or domed, made of a framework of branches or supple poles covered with large sheets of birch bark or mats of reeds. In the woodlands, Ojibway people lived in villages of birchbark houses called waginogans, or wigwams.On the Great Plains, the Ojibwas lived in large buffalo-hide tents called tipis.The Plains Ojibwa were nomadic people, and tipis (or tepees) were easier to move from place to place than a waginogan. The Ojibwa live in numerous communities ranging mainly from southern and northwestern Ontario, northern Michigan and Wisconsin, and Minnesota to North Dakota and southern and central Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Nationally, the Ojibwe and Dakota are the third- and fourth-largest Indian nations.